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August 2019 Issue
In this issue:
  • Lecture August 11:  "Daniel Morgan: American Rifleman" 
  • Upcoming LHS lectures and events
  • LHS  Fundraiser & Membership Appreciation Event, Sun. Sept. 22
  • New Video:  Walter Fleming - Growing Up Lovettsville
  • Declaration of Independence Public Reading held on July 4
  • Loudoun's history uncovered: Heritage Commission Report published
  • Nearby events of interest
  • Archive of back issues

Next in the Lovettsville Historical Society's
2019 Lecture Series:


Daniel Morgan: American Rifleman –

The Life and Military Career of one of General George Washington’s Most Effective Commanders of the Revolutionary War

Presented by Randolph G. Flood
Founder of the
American Revolution Consortium for Civic Education

Sunday, August 11, at 2:00 p.m.

Daniel Morgan, the legendary rifleman and Revolutionary War commander, will be the subject of the August 11 presentation in the Lovettsville Historical Society’s monthly  lecture series. The event will feature a PowerPoint slide presentation and talk by Randolph G. Flood, Founder of the American Revolution Consortium for Civic Education, and an instructor at the American Revolution Museum in Yorktown, Virginia. 
From a Virginia perspective—and to the extent that citizens outside of Virginia know about him—Daniel Morgan was a true American hero. He was one of George Washington’s most brilliant strategists and Light Infantry commanders during America’s War for Independence --credited with winning two of the most important battles of the conflict.
Born on the border between Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Morgan moved westward to the Shenandoah Valley early in life. Settling in the Winchester—Charles Town area, he became an expert marksman with a rifle on the frontier, and was very knowledgeable about Native Americans and their style of warfare.

Developing a knack for business and trade, Morgan frequently traveled through the Leesburg-Loudoun Valley area to purchase and sell goods and commodities. Calling this region his home, Morgan always returned to the area whenever he concluded a battle or military campaign.
Mr. Flood will discuss all of this and more during his presentation, will make recommendations about several excellent books about Morgan, and will take questions afterward.

The American Revolution Consortium for Civic Education is a nonprofit organization established to educate our citizens about the American Revolution with an emphasis on History, Civics, World Geography, Economics, and Historic Preservation, and all donations are tax-deductible.

Flood grew up in Nokesville, Virginia, in southwestern Prince William county. Graduating from Shepherd College in Shepherdstown, he served on the professional staff of the United States Senate, and was heavily involved in Prince William and Loudoun County politics in the 1970’s. Today, he lives in Williamsburg, Virginia, where he does extensive historical research and lectures about the Colonial period at the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown and other locations.

The presentation will be held at St. James United Church of Christ, at 10 East Broad Way in Lovettsville. Admission is free, but donations and are welcome to defray expenses of the program.  A portion of the proceeds will go to support the American Revolution Consortium for Civic Education.

For more information, visit or email

GoogleMap the Lecture Venue
Upcoming LHS Lectures
and Events
Sept. 8 -- "The Shenandoah Valley's German Heritage" presented by Karen Good Cooper, president of the Shenandoah Germanic Heritage Museum in Shenandoah County, Va.  Mrs. Cooper will describe how the German settlers in the Valley (and in the Lovettsville German Settlement), brought their ideas, methods, and customs to this area, and how the “Shenandoah Deutsch” affected so much of how we behave and work today.

Sept. 22--  Lovettsville Historical Society's 3rd Annual Fundraiser & Membership Appreciation Event, 2:00 p.m. at Fred George Farm.  (See below)

Oct. 13 – “Germanna 101: the Story of Virginia’s First German Settlement.” Ashley Abruzzo, Germanna Foundation Membership Development Manager and Germanna descendant, presents an overview of of the Germanna Colony's history starting in 1714, how the Germanna Foundation was created, and its present-day mission to preserve, protect, and educate on Virginia's early German heritage.

Nov. 10 - TBD
Explore Our Website
Save the Date!  Sunday, September 22, 2019

Lovettsville Historical Society's

3rd Annual Fundraiser & Membership Appreciation Event

2:00 p.m. at Fred & Anne George Farm
13620 Berlin Turnpike,. Lovettsville

New Video:
"Growing Up Lovettsville, with Walter Fleming"

The full video of our June 9 presentation on the Life and Times of Walter Fleming, is now available on our YouTube channel.  See it now!  Our thanks to Ethan Smith for editing and posting.


"Our Declaration" Reading on July 4 in Lovettsville
The Lovettsville Historical Society was a co-sponsor of a public reading of the the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 2019, at St. James Church in Lovettsville. The Declaration  was read antiphonally, with gusto, by all those pictured here, who were placed strategically at different locations in the church sanctuary.. Some sections were read in German, since that is how many of those in The German Settlement (now Lovettsville) would have read or heard it.  Following the reading,  the St. James church bells were rung.

The reading was organized by Eirik Harteis and the Histfar Foundation; other sponsors  were St. James United Church of Christ, and the NOVA Parks Authority. 

Readers shown from left to right: Edward Spannaus, Tracy Gillespie, Tanja Woldt, Katherine Corrado, Nancy Spannaus, Effie Hall, Rich Gillespie, and Eirik Harteis.

Uncovering Loudoun's history: 

Loudoun County Heritage Commission publishes "Courthouse Grounds Research Project"


The History of the County Courthouse and Its Role in the Path to Freedom, Justice and Racial Equality in Loudoun County

In September 2017, the Loudoun County Board of Supervisors directed the County's Heritage Commission to review the "full historic significance" of the Loudoun County Courthouse grounds and its statues,and to make recommendations on additional memorials “to fully reflect the history of the grounds and Loudoun County.”

On June 4, 2019, the Commission presented its research and recommendations to the Board of Supervisors. At this meeting, the Board accepted the Heritage Commission’s recommendation to publish the historical report developed by members of the Commission. The Board forwarded the Commission’s other recommendations to a future Finance, Government Operations and Economic Development Committee. Those recommendations are:

  • Allocating funds and directing staff to pursue National Historic Landmark status for the courthouse;
  • Naming the old or new courthouse after prominent African-American attorney Charles Hamilton Houston;
  • Creating an interpretive “Path Toward Freedom” walk on the courthouse grounds; and
  • Implementing a professionally-facilitated community process to design and place memorials along the interpretive walk honoring “Loudoun County’s path to freedom and justice.”


Following is the Prologue to the Heritage Commission Report:


As Virginia historian James Hershman has noted:
The courthouse is the symbol of the presence and power of the Commonwealth of Virginia in Loudoun County. . . . It was the state that could execute you, imprison you, or take your property -- all of that was done in that building. It was under Virginia's Constitution and the state laws it authorized that race was defined and segregation was mandated. . . . Justice, under state authority, was meted out--in unequal fashion -- in that courthouse to the black and white citizens of Loudoun County. [Email to Mitch Diamond]

In its nearly three century history, the Courthouse has been the center of life in our County -- witness not only to acts of honor and bravery, justice and freedom, but also to acts of tyranny and injustice, humiliation and suffering.

The Courthouse represents the long path from the promise of “All Men Are Created Equal” in the Declaration of Independence read from its steps, to the delay of that promise through brutal acts of enslavement and punishment, to the horrors of a Civil War that pitted brother against brother, to the incomplete work of Reconstruction, to the restrictions and entanglements of Jim Crow segregation, and, finally, to events and actions moving us step-by-step toward the long overdue fulfillment of the Declaration’s promise of equal justice for all.

In this report we have presented some glimpses into that history, some vignettes of the people who have participated in our struggle to find justice, and some moments that capture the evolution of our thinking and our behavior over the centuries.

We hope that this history, and the memorials we have proposed, provide the opportunity for all our citizens and visitors to better understand this long and difficult path toward freedom, and inspire all of us to continue on that path toward an even better future.




   Time Line of Events in Loudoun County History
   Brief History of the Courthouse and the Confederate Monument

I: The Period of Enslavement
   Enslavement, Freedom and the Courthouse 1757-1861 
   Law and Order in Colonial Loudoun (1768)
   Loudoun and the Revolution, 1774-1776
   Ludwell Lee, Margaret Mercer and the Auxiliary Colonization Society of Loudoun County
   Loudoun, Slavery and Three Brave Men (1828)
   Joseph Trammell’s Tin Box 
   Petition from Loudoun County Court to expel “Free Negroes” to Africa (1836)
   The Leonard Grimes Trial (1840)
   Trial for Wife Stealing (1846)
   Harriet Cook (1850)
   Bazil Newman, 1799-1852

II: The Civil War in Loudoun County
   Union Soldiers from Loudoun County

III: Reconstruction and the Era of Segregation
   Democracy Deferred: Loudoun County Voting Rights, 1865-1902
   Reconstruction and Jim Crow: Petition from Delegates of the Mass Meeting to Judge James  B. McCabe of the Loudoun County Court (1883)
   Land Ownership by African Americans in Loudoun County

IV: The Civil Rights Movement
   Charles Hamilton Houston and the Crawford Case (1932)
   The African American Community’s Fight for Better Schools in Loudoun County, Part I
   The African American Community’s Fight for Better Schools in Loudoun County, Part II
   Gaining Equal Access to Other Public Facilities


Read the full Courthouse Grounds Report
Nearby Events of Interest
Saturday, August 3, 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. – History Lab: American Revolution vs Civil War. The program will focus on the American Revolution vs the Civil War era. How did technology change between these eras? What were the similarities? How did these conflicts affect the people northern Piedmont? Learn all this and more at History Lab. We'll have activities for children AND adults of all ages, including:
  • Learning drill alongside 18th and 19th century soldiers.
  • Exploring historical foodways as the soldiers prepare rations for lunch.
  • Practicing your spy skills with historical code breaking.
  • Meet and greet with local authors.
  • Test your skill with early American lawn games.
  • Stories and crafts for our young historians.
Bring a picnic lunch and enjoy the ca. 1800 Caleb Rector house, home to the Mosby Heritage Area Association. This program is free to all, but donations are welcome! MHAA Headquarters, 1461 Atoka Road, Marshall, VA.
Saturday, August 3, at 2:00 p.m. – John Brown: Monuments and Mythology. This special program will reflect on the history of John Brown's raid at Harpers Ferry in 1859 and the impact of race relations. Free and open to the public, the presentation is led by David Fox, a recently retired park ranger from the National Park Service. Fox will tell the stories of monuments and plaques dedicated to a key figure, Winchester’s own Heyward Shepherd, who was recognized as a free black man who lived in Winchester and was the first person killed in the raid, and the controversies surrounding the actions and history of the event. The Heyward Shepherd monument was erected in 1931 with plaques installed in 1932, 1955, and 1994. Many groups challenged plaque text using the wording “faithful slave” and the intent of the original monument – further showing larger social concerns with history and race.
The program is sponsored by the Friends of the Handley Regional Library System. Handley Library, 100 West Piccadilly Street, Winchester, Virginia.
Saturday, August 3 – Tolson’s Chapel Open House.  This historic African American church is located in Sharpsburg, Maryland. It was built in 1866 and served as a church and a Freedmen's Bureau school for black residents of Sharpsburg in the years following the American Civil War. Take this special opportunity to see inside the chapel as it will be open today for tours. 111 East High Street, Sharpsburg, MD 21782.
Saturday, August 3, at 6:30-9:30 p.m. – “The Ground Beneath Us” arts event. This summer, Ground Beneath Us is teaming up with the Waterford Foundation to highlight our artists and support the Lantern Light Fund. The Waterford Foundation's Lantern Light Fund honors the men and women of Waterford's African American community, who worked by lantern light to build the John Wesley Community Church. The Fund will preserve and share the sites, stories, and artifacts of Waterford's African American community.  The program will kick-off with a conversation with author Meredith Battle. Her first novel, Go Down the Mountain, is a compelling piece of historical fiction that tells a story of the life of a Blue Ridge Mountain family during the Great Depression and the height of the eugenics movement. A musical lecture follows with 2018 fellows Folsom50 whose work weaves together stories of working with incarcerated adults in Oregon with the history and legacy of Johnny Cash's life and music. That will be followed by a conversation between 2017 Fellow and Daniel Duford with 2019 Fellow painter Arvie Smith. Duford and Smith will discuss making art in the context of history painting, politics and African American history. The presentation will be followed by a reception where guests and artists can meet and speak further. Refreshments will be served.
Suggested donation of $20 to support the Lantern Light Fund of the Waterford Foundation.
John Wesley Church,  40125 Bond St, Waterford, VA
Sat. & Sun., August 3 & 4 – The American Soldier through the Ages.  The military history of Fort Frederick spans the 18th and 19th centuries. Historical interpreters from the fort will be describing how soldiering changed over time while maintaining certain common elements. You will be given a rare opportunity to come in close contact with our military past. Hands-on displays of weapons, uniforms and military gear from the 1600’s colonial militia, Revolutionary War, Civil War and World War II.  Sat., 10am-5pm; Sun., 10am-3pm. Fort Frederick State Park, 11100 Fort Frederick Rd., Big Pool, MD 21711. 301-842-2155.
Wed., August 7 at 7 p.m. – “In the Wake of Antietam: The Loudoun Valley Campaign of 1862,” with Kevin Pawlak. Following the bloodiest single day in American history, September 17, 1862, and the conclusion of the Battle of Antietam, the Federal Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia rested and refitted on either side of the Potomac River. By late October 1862, urged on by President Abraham Lincoln and his recently announced Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, the Federal army crossed into Virginia once more, armed with a plan to capture Richmond and defeat the Confederacy. The ensuing battles that erupted in the Loudoun Valley and beyond raged for two weeks and added several hundred casualties to the nation's growing list of names. Confederate forces attempted to slow the advancing Federal army against the backdrop of the 1862 midterm elections. Several fights erupted in Loudoun and Fauquier counties from October 26-November 10, 1862. The campaign proved to be not as decisive as Lincoln hoped. It proved to be George McClellan's last campaign as a field commander in the Civil War. Kevin Pawlak is the Director of Education for the Mosby Heritage Area Association and serves as a Licensed Battlefield Guide at Antietam National Battlefield.  Part of the Summer Lecture Series, these outdoors programs are held at the Jacob Rohrbach Inn, 138 W. Main Street, Sharpsburg, MD.  To ensure adequate seating, please bring a chair. In case of inclement weather, lectures will be held at the Sharpsburg Christ Reformed Church of Christ. Parking is available on Main and Hall Streets. For updates and a full schedule of presenters & topics check the Jacob Rohrbach Inn facebook page. 301-432-5079.
Wed., August 14 at 7 p.m. – “A Last Roll of the Dice: The Third Confederate Invasion of the North – 1864” with Matt Borders. The third Confederate Invasion of the North occurred in the summer of 1864. Often lost within the larger campaigns for Petersburg, Atlanta and later the Shenandoah Valley, the third Confederate invasion was a last ditch effort to redirect Federal forces away from Richmond, relieve pressure against the Army of Northern Virginia, and just maybe disrupt the reelection of Abraham Lincoln, thereby changing the course of the war. Matt Borders is a Park Ranger at Monocacy National Battlefield in Frederick, Maryland, and is also a volunteer and Certified Battlefield Guide at Antietam ,National Battlefield as well as a Certified Guide for Harpers Ferry National Historical Site. Jacob Rohrbach Inn,  Sharpsburg, MD (see Aug. 7 item).

Wed., August 14, at 7 p.m. - Whiskey History: Applejack -- A Colonial Drink for Modern Times. Held the second Wednesday of each month and hosted by Heritage Frederick (formerly the Historical Society of Frederick County), this series with Frederick County Public Libraries explores the origins of American spirits. After each free lecture, tickets can be purchased to taste locally distilled spirits supplied by Frederick's very own Tenth Ward Distilling Company. All tasting ticket proceeds benefit Heritage Frederick.  All events will be held at Heritage Frederick, 24 East Church Street, Frederick, MD 21701.  Must be 21 or over to attend.
Fri., August 23, at 5:00 to 7:00 p.m. -- Waterford Foundation Back to School Community Happy Hour.  Enjoy a relaxing evening catching up with old neighbors and making new friends! Learn about the 75th Anniversary, Waterford Fair volunteer opportunities, Foundation projects and listen to the tunes of bluegrass music! Bring your family, your favorite lawn chair and an appetizer to share. Adult beverages and kids drinks will be provided by the Waterford Foundation. Please RSVP to  The Old School, 40222 Fairfax Street, Waterford.
Fri., August 23, 4:00 p.m. -- Join the Waterford Foundation for a FREE walking tour before Happy Hour! We'll stroll together through the historic village, see a remarkable variety of early dwellings, ice houses, barns, former shops, 19th century churches and hear lots of great stories about our history. The tour will start at the Old School at 4:00pm and will last approximately 1 hour.  Children are welcome with adult supervision. Please RSVP to with the number of guests by 8/21.  
About Us
In 2019, the Lovettsville Historical Society & Museum continues its mission of preserving and promoting the heritage of Lovettsville, and also our surrounding area formerly known as “The German Settlement."  The success of our mission relies heavily upon on our membership, which provides the needed resources and also committed volunteers to share our local history. Please encourage your friends, family, and others to join the Lovettsville Historical Society (LHS), or renew their annual membership, to ensure our continued success in preserving and promoting our local heritage.

There are many opportunities for members and others to participate in supporting the Lovettsville Historical Society and also meet others who share in our passion for preserving and promoting our local history. This includes volunteering to help with the museum, fundraising, organizing events, website and social media, and publicizing our activities.  We enjoy hosting special presentations for groups such as Scouts, school classes and tourists. Lastly, the donations of local historical artifacts such as family documents and pictures (or digital scans thereof), ensure that we can continue our efforts to expand our presentation of local genealogical information.

*The Lovettsville Historical Society, Inc. is a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization under the Internal Revenue Code.  Contributions and membership dues are tax deductible under Internal Revenue Code Section 170.
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Lovettsville: The German Settlement is available for sale at the Lovettsville Museum.
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